首页 | 云图书馆

云图书馆

全部 云课堂 音视频 期刊 论文

类别:

关键字:

云课堂

音视频

期 刊

内燃机

内燃机工程

内燃机学报

论 文

Characterization of residual fuel compositions and the effect on the ignition and combustion performance

论文已在上海2013年CIMAC大会上发表,论文版权归CIMAC所有。 Quality of marine fuels has changed for the last 10 years, and it is well known that they have been getting heavier and lower in viscosity resulting in poorer combustion quality. This is caused by recent advancement of oil refining process, eco-nomic trend and increasing needs for light distillates, and environmental regulations. Ignition and combustion performance are affected by various factors including the characteristics of the fuel, engine design, operational conditions and settings of the engine, ap-plied load, and ambient conditions. Residual fuels are mixture products consisting of vacuum residue (VR)and some intermediate products of oil refinery process. Thus, to analyze the blending process and characteristic of the residual fuels may lead to better under-standings of the combustion process in diesel engines and taking countermeasure against possible engine damages. In this study, the effect of chemical com-position of residual fuels on its ignition and combustion quality was investigated. The blend compositions were estimated by thermal and chemical analyses and discussed with the results of combustion characteristics. The sample fuels were blended with different pro-portions of a straight-run light gas oil (LGO), a vacuum gas oil (VGO), a FCC light cycle oil(LCO),a FCC clarified oil (CLO) and a VR. These blending components and sample fuels were also used to know the quality control of the commercial marine fuel oils. The chemical compositions of these fuels were analysed by using thermogravimetry (TG) and gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS). The TG analysis in a nitrogen gas flow and GC/MS gives a distillation curve of fuels and a detailed composition profile of the lower-boiling components, respectively. Their ignition and combustion analysis were also carried out by using Fuel Combustion Analyzer. According to the GC/MS, LCO and CLO were characterized by mainly2-ring (especially methyl-, dimethyl-and ethyl- naph- thalenes) and 4-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (methyl-and dimethyl-pyrenes), respectively. The results suggest that the fuel ignition quality is significantly affected by the amounts of both 2-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and relatively lower molecular weight alkane series(C14-C18), which are interpreted as the amounts of LCO and LGO. Some of the commercial marine fuel oils were found to be' gap-fuels', which were estimated to containing only LCO and VR.They exhibited a very low Estimated Cetane Number(ECN), almost the same as that of pure LCO, and can potentially result in serious engine damages.
发表在 :CIMAC Congress 2013, Shanghai
作 者 :Chiori Takahashi,Shoko Imai,Yoshitaka Yamaguchi
发表日期:2013-06-23

服务热线:021-31310972

E-mail:csicengine@163.com expo@csice.org.cn

联系地址:上海市 闵行区 华宁路3111号

欢迎关注
官方公众号

<
ICP备案号:沪ICP备12048031号 版权所有中国内燃机学会 共访问 1321119